Order Organize the manuscript in this
order: cover page; abstract; key words; text; endnotes; references.
Essays follow the same format; however, abstract and key words are not
Cover Page Give title of the
manuscript, name(s) and surname(s) of the authors, the authors’ titles
and affiliations, mailing addresses, e-mail addresses, and a
footnote(*) indicating acknowledgment of financial or other assistance
Abstract and keywords On a separate
page, preceding the text, write a summary, 100 or fewer words,
followed by key words.
Headings Indicate levels of headings
Level 1 – Uppercase and Lowercase, Flush Left, Bold
Level 2 – Capitalize only the first letter, flush left, bold
Level 3 – Capitalize only the first letter, flush left, italicized
Level 4 – Capitalize only the first letter, flush left, bold, embedded
Tables and Figures Give a title or caption to
every table or figure. Place the title, flushed left, above the body
of the table and the caption, centered, below the figure. Avoid
vertical lines in tables. Number the tables and figures separately
with Arabic numerals, followed by a period and the title. In text,
refer to tables and figures by their numbers instead of “the table
above” or “the figure on page 34.” Embed the figures in Word document.
However, a separate file for original diagrams, providing better
quality, is also welcomed. If a table/figure, or the data in a table,
is derived from other sources, a note must be provided at the bottom
indicating the source. Examples of a general note:
Reprinted from a book:
From [or The
column 1 are from] Becoming Modern: Individual Change in Six
Developing Countries (p. 96), by Alex Inkeles and David H. Smith,
1974, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
Reprinted from a journal article:
From [or The
column 1 are from] “Adoption of Merit-Based Student Grant Programs: An
Event History Analysis,” by William R. Doyle, 2006, Educational
Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 28(3), p. 259.
Endnotes Use only for substantive comments, bearing
on content. Number consecutively from 1, double space, and append
on a separate page.
References in text indicate sources as illustrated
when author's name is in text - Lipset (1960) or Boulmetis and Dutwin
(2000); when author's name is not in text (Lipset, 1960) or (Boulmetis
& Dutwin, 2000)
use page numbers only for direct quotations or specific notes or table
- (Braudel, 1969, p. 213)
for more than three authors cite all authors the first time the
reference appears and use “et al.” in subsequent citations
with more than one reference to an author in the same year,
distinguish them by the use of letters (a,b,c) with year of
enclose a series of reference - in alphabetical order - in
parentheses, separated by semicolons (e.g., Adler, 1975; Adler &
Simon, 1979; Anderson, Chiricos, & Waldo, 1977; Bernstein et al.,
1977; Chesney-Ling, 1973a, 1973b).
List authors alphabetically, by surname. Please spell out the first
names of all authors and editors, unless they use only their initials
or a first initial and a middle name in the source cited (e.g., Paul
Radin, T.S. Eliot, and J. Owen Dorsey). Some examples of references
are as follows for easier referencing: